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Modiano_disclaimerPRIVACY POLICY

This page describes how the www.modiano.com site manages the processing of personal data, pursuant to Art. 13 of EU Regulation no. 679/2016 – GDPR, of users who consult the site and those who interact with the web services accessed telematically from the address www.modiano.com, which corresponds to the homepage of the official website of MODIANO & PARTNERS.

This information notice applies only to the www.modiano.com site, and it does not cover other websites that the user might consult by clicking on links. The information notice is also the result of Recommendation no. 2/2001 which the European authorities for the protection of personal data, assembled in the Working Party set up by Art. 29 of EC directive no. 95/46, adopted on 17 May 2001 in order to identify certain minimum requirements for collecting personal data online, and, in particular, the methods, times, and the nature of the information that the owners of the processing have to provide to users when they connect to web pages, independently of the reasons for the connection.
As a result of consulting this site, data relating to persons identified or identifiable may be retained.

The “owner” of the processing of this data is Dr. MODIANO & ASSOCIATI SpA, with headquarters in Italy, in Via Meravigli no. 16, Milano.

The processing related to the web services of this site take place at the aforementioned headquarters of Dr. MODIANO & ASSOCIATI SpA and are supervised only by the technical staff of Dr. MODIANO & ASSOCIATI SpA, or by persons who may be engaged for occasional maintenance operations and are designated by Dr. MODIANO & ASSOCIATI SpA.

Internet data
The computer systems and software procedures used for the operation of this website acquire, as part of their normal use, certain personal data, the transmission of which is implied in the use of internet communication protocols.
This is information that is not collected in order to be associated with identified persons, but which by its nature may, through processing and association with data held by third parties, make it possible to identify users.
This category of data includes the IP addresses or domain names of the computers used by the users who connect to the site, addresses in URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) notation of the resources requested, the time of the request, the method used to submit the request to the server, the size of the file obtained in response, the numeric code indicating the status of the response given by the server (success, error etc.) and other parameters relating to the operating system and to the user’s computer environment.
This data is used only to extract anonymous statistical data about use of the site and to check its correct operation, and it is deleted immediately after processing.
Data provided voluntarily by the user
The optional, explicit and voluntary sending of personal data, including via email, to the addresses given on this site entails the subsequent and necessary acquisition of the address of the sender, in addition to any other data entered in the message, in order to respond to requests.
The user is free to provide the personal data requested in forms, and failure to provide this data may result in the impossibility of fulfilling the request.
No data is communicated or distributed except in order to carry out the service or the performance requested or in order to send newsletters and/or information relating to the protection of intellectual property. To respond to emails sent by the user, please note that the data are kept by the staff of the offices responsible, who are tasked with processing the personal data. The user is free to provide his or her personal data in the request forms. Failure to provide the data may result in the impossibility of fulfilling the request.

Cookies are used on the website www.modiano.com and in the emails sent, in order to offer users a better service and experience. The site uses analytics cookies and technical cookies to analyze the models of traffic of users who visit the website, so as to improve the site’s usability. Technical cookies, for example, make it possible to recall any actions performed by the user (such as completing a form) when the user returns to the previous page of a session.
Analytics cookies are used to monitor use of the site by the users, in order to optimize the site and obtain information about the use of the website and emails and to notify any errors. These cookies also enable us to obtain detailed technical information, such as the last page visited, the number of pages visited, whether an email has been opened, what parts of the website or of the email are clicked on by users, and the time elapsed between one click and the next. This information can be associated with user details such as their IP address, domain name, or browser; however, these details are analyzed together with other people’s information so as not to identify any given user with respect to another.
In such case these cookies are used to analyze and improve the performance and design of the site and of the emails, and to track the errors that occur on the site, in order to improve the service and handle any complaints.

Personal data are processed with automated instruments for the time strictly necessary to carry out the tasks for which the data has been collected.
Specific security measures are in place to prevent the loss of data, illegal or incorrect uses, and unauthorized accesses.

Parties to whom the personal data refer have the right at any time to obtain confirmation of the existence or otherwise of said data and to know its content and origin, to verify it is correct or ask for it to be completed, limited, updated, or deleted, to oppose its processing, or to rectify it pursuant to Regulation (EU) 679/2016 – GDPR.
Requests should be sent to Dr. MODIANO & ASSOCIATI SpA, Via Meravigli no. 16, 20123 Milano, Italy, or by email to the following address: info@modiano.com.

The affected party may lodge a complaint with the Italian Data Protection Authority, via the following website: http://www.garanteprivacy.it/.
The affected party can exercise their rights free of charge.
If the party who provides the data is less than 18 years of age, this processing is lawful only if and to the extent that the consent is given or authorized by at least one of the guardians of parental responsibility, for whom identification details and copy of an identification document have been obtained.

February 12, 2020
Can artificial intelligence be an inventor in a European patent application?

In January 2020 the European Patent Office (EPO) published two decisions containing reasons why two European patent applications designating artificial […]


在大家的想象中, “区块链”和“比特币”这两个术语有着千丝万缕的联系, 但事实并非如此. 区块链这一理论是由Haber和Stornetta二人于1991年首次提出的, 主要作为一项保证数字文档完整性的技术. 直到2008年, 一位化名为 (中本聪) 的人真正实现了这一理论概念, 创造了“区块链”一词并将其与比特币这一虚拟货币联系起来. Nakamoto提出了“一连串的区块”这一概念(“区块链”由此得名), 即使用时间戳对其进行加密, 并通过开发基于密码证明的电子支付系统, 使之适用于金融领域, 该系统使两方能够进行无需第三方中介和担保人的交易. 在专利方面, 对区块链起源的澄清至关重要. 这是因为要确定一项发明是否属于他人的专利还是其他任何现有技术的专利, 有必要进行以“区块链”为关键字的对现有技术的搜索, 但这种搜索很难穷举. […]

January 15, 2020
Blockchain technology: patentability at the European Patent Office.

In the collective imagination, the terms “blockchain” and “bitcoin” are inextricably linked, but it was not always this way. The […]


欧洲议会近日对.eu顶级域名的注册标准进行了修改, 使其更符合数字世界当前和未来的要求, 以及市场竞争者通过注册.eu域名促进其商业活动的需求. 2006年推出的.eu顶级域名, 旨在推动欧洲互联网共同市场和信息社会的发展. 欧洲委员会指定欧盟网络域名注册机构(EURid)专门处理相关业务, 足以说明该项目蕴含的政治和技术野心. .eu顶级域名是促进欧洲企业发展的重要工具, 能够帮助企业在互联网这一现今已知的最大的经济和社会变革引擎中, 占据一席安全之地. 根据2006年通过的注册受理标准, 有效的.eu域名可以分配给: 1)任何在欧洲共同体境内设有注册办事处、主要行政地点或主要营业地点的企业; 2)任何在欧洲共同体境内设立的组织, 除非该组织所处地国家的法律中明确禁止其注册其他域名; 3)任何居住在欧洲共同体境内的自然人. 2014年, 受理标准的范围扩大至整个欧洲经济区, 使冰岛、列支敦士登和挪威的公民和企业也能够注册.eu顶级域名. .eu顶级域名在开放注册第一周就有超过150万的新注册, […]

November 13, 2019

2019年9月24日,欧盟普通法院(GCEU)就意大利比亚乔集团(Piaggio & C. S.p.A.)与浙江中能工业集团关于摩托车外观的专有权诉讼作出了重要裁决。这项决定为摩托车等竞争激烈的行业中解决平衡专有权与自由市场的平衡问题确立了方向。 比亚乔集团基于其Vespa LX 款式外观(如图1)的在先外观设计权、立体商标权和版权,对中能工业的一件欧盟外观设计(下称“中能设计”,如图2)的有效性提出质疑。 (图1) (图2) 欧盟普通法院的判决驳回了比亚乔集团的要求。法院认为,中能设计符合必要的有效性要求,且不侵犯比亚乔集团的任何在先权利。 判决还指出,中能设计与Vespa LX的外观设计相比没有实质性相似,因而具有新颖性。同时,基于用户能够对两种设计产生不同的整体印象,中能设计亦具有独特性。法院对中能设计是否会让了解Vespa LX的知悉用户产生似曾相识感进行了调查,并得出结论认为,中能设计基本上以直线型为主,而Vespa LX主要以流线型设计为主,因此相关知悉用户对两个设计的整体印象事实上完全相反。 根据该判决,中能设计也没有侵犯比亚乔集团Vespa LX外观的未注册商标权。法院认为,一般消费者不会注意到比亚乔集团声称具有独特性的四个特征(后端外壳与后座之间的 X 形设计、后座和腿护罩之间的倒Ω形状、箭头形状的前挡板、泪滴形状的外形)。相反,一般消费者会整体观察比亚乔摩托车的风格、线条和整体外观,而以上元素与中能设计有明显的不同。 比亚乔集团为Vespa摩托车外形以上四个特征申请了版权,这四个特征体现了1946年款Vespa摩托车艺术和创作核心:圆润、女性化、复古。中能设计并不具有这四项特征,也不具有圆润、女性化和复古性的特点。相反,中能设计以直线和直角为主。因此,Vespa外观和中能设计带来的整体印象是不同的。 欧盟普通法院这一决定意义重大,它划定了摩托车行业外观设计的保护范围与立体商标或版权之间的界限,一方面确认了立体商标权和版权的价值,另一方面确认了竞争对手使用不同产品进入市场的限制。 […]

New registration criteria for the .eu TLD in order to reach all EU citizens.

The European Parliament has introduced a change to the TLD (Top Level Domain) regulation .eu in order to bring the […]

October 16, 2019
EPO 和USPTO负责人在德国慕尼黑举行会议

2019年9月12日,欧洲专利局 (EPO)主席António Campinos先生和美国专利商标局 (USPTO)主席、知识产权部副部长Andrei Iancu先生在德国慕尼黑会面。会议旨在讨论欧专局与美国专利商标局之间的合作以及知识产权的最新发展. Campinos先生和Iancu先生就欧专局与美国专利商标局的战略计划作了发言. 欧专局今年早些时候公布了 2023 年战略计划, 指出成立 40 年来, 欧专局已经成为世界上主要的知识产权局之一. 这归功于欧专局充分利用专利文献收藏的专家工作人员, 归功于欧专局成员国、用户和决策者的持续增加, 也归功于欧专局为适应不断变化的欧洲和国际专利制度的需求而做出的成功变革. 两位负责人讨论了人工智能在审查专利申请过程、专利申请方面日益增长的重要性, 也谈到了单一专利和统一专利法院的相关发展情况. 此外, 双方还讨论了欧专局、美国专利商标局、日本专利局之间的三边合作, […]

On scooters at the EU Court.

On 24 September 2019 the General Court of the European Union (GCEU) handed down a major decision on the exclusive […]

September 18, 2019

全球创新指数的公布, 是世界知识产权组织 (WIPO) 向所有国家的决策者提供的最重要的贡献之一. 全球创新指数由WIPO、康奈尔大学和欧洲工商管理学院共同发布, 是基于创新指数整合得出的年度排名. 此外, 私营企业和各国政府也可以将全球创新指数作为制定创新发展战略的基础. 全球创新指数为“谁是世界上最具创新能力的国家”这一问题提供了答案, 并且每年突出一个主题. 2019 年, 医疗保健因其在全球创新生态系统逐渐增加得重要性而被选为主题, 以“创造健康生活——医疗创新的未来”作为宣传口号. 由于数字科技、人工智能、机器学习、大数据、基因组学、干细胞研究和健康类APP等领域发展的影响, 医疗保健在过去几年中得到迅速扩张. 全球创新指数体现了健康研发和健康创新的复苏. 特别是在过去十年, 医疗技术领域的创新急速发展, 医疗技术专利的数量增长速度甚至超过了药品专利. […]

EPO and USPTO heads meet in Munich, Germany.

On September 12, 2019, the President of the European Patent Office (EPO), Mr. António Campinos, and the Under Secretary of […]

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